Los Angeles - The Principal Region of the New West

The principal region of the New West is Los Angeles County. It covers 4,752 square miles and contains nearly ten million residents (more than the individual populations of forty-two U.S. states). Despite its infamous reputation as a chaotic, unplanned accident, there is a deliberate structure to this metropolis's decentralized character.

The animated maps of  the Getty Research Institute illustrate the evolution of  four waves of technological innovation in the New West. They are part of Pacific Standard Time Presents: Modern Architecture in L.A., a Getty initiative that brings together local cultural institutions for a wide-ranging look at the postwar built environment of Los Angeles, from its famous residential architecture to its vast freeway network, revealing the city's development and ongoing global impact in new ways.


Networks and Settlements of Los Angeles

This animated map illustrates the history of this region's transportation routes and evolving settlement patterns. Source: Getty Research Institute, Philip J. Ethington with Samuel Krueger and Adrian Almer, 2013.

Landscape Infrastructure of Los Angeles

This animated map illustrates the many factors that make up this region's diverse physical landscape. Source: Getty Research Institute and Mia Lehrer Landscape Architects, 2013.

Population, Economy, and Conflict of Los Angeles

This animated map illustrates the region's complex civic, social, and economic evolution. Source: Getty Research Institute, Philip J. Ethington with Samuel Krueger and Adrian Almer, 2013.


The Mid-Century Linen Post Card evolved as a unique hybrid of photography, painting, and printing. Well represented as subjects throughout the Linen Period, were the new patterns and formations of a rapidly transforming landscape, rich in natural beauty, through architecture and urban design, initiated to suit man’s growing need for commerce, transportation, industry, entertainment, business, education, and public institution infrastructures. Nowhere is that change more evident than in the American West at Mid-Century.

The linen post card was almost a form of advertising for this young part of the country, and a successful one at that. Close to a billion cards were printed and mailed throughout the United States from 1931 to 1959, with postal delivery several times a day. The ubiquity of penetration then, was not unlike the adoption of social media today. As a highly accessible art form for the everyman, it allowed a visual, tactile, and aspirational connection to places as yet unknown, while at the same time, creating a visual history of everything at one of the most dynamic economic, social, and environmental transformations of the 20th century.

Animation of A Unique Architectural Landscape. Source: WOWA WEST, 2017.

New West

The American West is renowned for its spectacular natural scenery. For decades it has continued to draw Americans and international visitors alike. One popular stereotype imagines the West as a vast expanse of almost empty land populated by cowboys, farmers, cattle, and horses. Yet today, this region of wide-open spaces is very much a place of cities. Westerners are far more likely to live in a city than not. The West is the most urbanized part of the United States. At the beginning of the 20th century, more than 50% of the western population was already concentrated in cities. By the beginning of the 21st century, the urbanized population approximated 95%.

 U.S. Map of Urban Areas.  Source: The United States Census Bureau, USDA Forest Services, 2012.

U.S. Map of Urban Areas. Source: The United States Census Bureau, USDA Forest Services, 2012.

The growth of western cities has, from the outset, been dependent on their proximity to natural resources, coaxing not only an intimate connection to nature, but an integration within it. Many western cities have continued to prosper in recent decades because of the increasing value their inhabitants place upon the quality of life that integrated access to nature provides.

Like no other place in recent history, the American West is a pure form of modern city development. Innovative industries, public institutions, and urban lifestyles have emerged and grown in conjunction with the discovery and exploration of wide-open land. Contrary to Eastern and European cities, where industrialization and urbanization evolved as radical transformations of agricultural societies, the unique architectural landscape of the American West was shaped by following four waves of technological innovation:

- Age of Steam, Railway, and Mechanization

- Age of Steel, Electricity, and Heavy Engineering

- Age of Oil, Automobile, Airplane, and Mass Production

- Age of Information, Communication, and Big Data

These platforms drive economies, social organizations, as well as the physical form of land, architecture, and cities themselves. Each wave of innovation creates a new opportunity to extract and exploit additional value from that which already existed. For cities to thrive, they have adapted to the introduction of transportation, energy grid, logistics, and internet platforms, until we land at the threshold of the 21st Century, where the New West is moving towards a balance of human potential, technological innovation, and nature.  

 City Adoption of Technological Innovation.  Source: WOWA WEST, 2017.

City Adoption of Technological Innovation. Source: WOWA WEST, 2017.

New West explores - from a client, owner, investor and user point of view - the architecture, cities, innovation, nature, and real estate that are shaping the evolution of the architectural landscape of the West. Innovation is found where traditionally opposing forces converge; at the intersection.